Question: How Do You Cite A Case With Two Plaintiffs?

How do you reference a case?

The components of a typical case citation including a neutral citation are: case name | [year] | court | number, | [year] OR (year) | volume | report abbreviation | first page..

What does Citation mean in law?

A citation (or cite) in legal terminology is a reference to a specific legal source, such as a constitution, a statute, a reported case, a treatise, or a law review article. A standard citation includes first the volume number, then the title of the source, (usually abbreviated) and lastly, a page or section number.

How do you find parallel citations?

Find the case in a commercial database, like Westlaw, Lexis, or Nexis Uni. Each of these databases provide parallel citations for any given case.

What is a string citation?

Whenever you list more than one authority to support the. same legal proposition, you are using a “string citation.” The. name arises from the impression that the writer is “stringing” together several citations.

How do you do pinpoint citations?

A pinpoint citation, often called a pincite, is necessary to point the reader to specific the page(s) within the case. Pincites are placed after the page on which the case begins, separated by a comma and a space. A pincite may consist of a page range or multiple pages that are not consecutive.

How do you cite a case law in a motion?

To cite to a case in a regional reporter, list the following six elements in order:Name of the case (italicized or underlined – if writing a brief or memo, per Rule B2);Volume of the reporter;Reporter abbreviation;First page where the case can be found in the reporter and pinpoint page if required;More items…•

How do you cite a court case?

To cite to a case in the United States Reports, list the following five elements in order:Name of the case (underlined or italicized);Volume of the United States Reports;Reporter abbreviation (“U.S.”);First page where the case can be found in the reporter;Year the case was decided (within parentheses).

How do you do a case brief in IRAC?

Most importantly, by “briefing” a case, you will grasp the problem the court faced (the issue); the relevant law the court used to solve it (the rule); how the court applied the rule to the facts (the application or “analysis”); and the outcome (the conclusion).

What is parallel citation law?

Parallel citations are used when the same case is printed in two or more different reporters. In other words, a parallel citation references location information for more that one source of a case.

How do you cite a case with multiple parties?

Multiple Parties – Only cite the first party on each side and omit words indicating multiple parties. Do not omit portions of a partnership name. Two Case Names – Use the first case name listed in a consolidated case.

How do I cite a consolidated case?

If two or more cases are consolidated, cite only the first-listed parties of each side of the first-listed action. Do not include “et.

How do you cite a case example?

General format for citing case studies: Author(s). (Year). Title of case study. Number of case study.

How many authors are needed to use et al?

Using et al. In APA Style in-text citations, when a source has two authors, list both. When there are three or more authors, cite the first author followed by “et al.”


Latin for “in the matter of.” Used in legal documents to refer to a case, particularly a case without an opposing party. For example, “In re Estate of Ruth Bentley” might be used to refer to a probate case about the estate of Ruth Bentley. subject. courts and procedure. wex definitions.

What happens when cases are consolidated?

In a consolidation for trial, “the pleadings, verdicts, findings and judgments are kept separate; the actions are simply tried together for the sake of convenience and judicial economy.” (See Sanchez v.

What is the abbreviation for case?

With regard, on the other hand, to those things which are present in a subject, it is generally the case that neither their name nor their definition is predicable of that in which they are present….CASE.AcronymDefinitionCASEComputer Aided Software EngineeringCASEComputer Automated System Engineering72 more rows

How do you cite a case with multiple plaintiffs?

If there are multiple plaintiffs or defendants, some of the party’s names may be left out and abbreviations are often used. The case name and citation should be at the beginning of each case brief, along with the name of the court that decided the case. For example, if a case is cited as “Alfred Smith, et al v.

How do you cite a case in the middle of a sentence?

If the emphasis of your sentence is the case itself, make it the object (noun) of your sentence (place the citation in the textual sentence): The court in Scott v. Scott, 240 Pa.